According to the American Association of Legal Nurse Consultants (AALNC), the primary role of the legal nurse consultant is to evaluate, analyze, and render informed opinions on the delivery of health care and the resulting outcomes.

This can be applied to many different legal issues ranging from cases already in litigation to cases still in the hands of an insurance adjuster.

The following is a list of activities performed by LNCs. List published by AALNC.

  • Facilitating communications and thus strategizing with the legal professional for successful resolutions between parties involved in healthcare-related litigation or other medical-legal or healthcare-legal matters.
  • Educating attorneys and/or others involved in the legal process regarding the healthcare facts and issues of a case or a claim.
  • Researching and integrating healthcare and nursing literature, guidelines, standards, and regulations as related to the healthcare facts and issues of a case or claim.
  • Reviewing, summarizing, and analyzing medical records and other pertinent healthcare and legal documents and comparing and correlating them to the allegations.
  • Assessing issues of damages and causation relative to liability with the legal process.
  • Identifying, locating, evaluating, and conferring with expert witnesses.
  • Interviewing witnesses and parties pertinent to the healthcare issues in collaboration with legal professionals.
  • Drafting legal documents in medically-related cases under the supervision of an attorney.
  • Developing collaborative case strategies with those practicing within the legal system.
  • Providing support during discovery, depositions, trial, and other legal proceedings.
  • Testifying at depositions, hearings, arbitrations, or trials as expert health care witnesses.
  • Contacting and conferring with vendors to develop demonstrative evidence or to collect costs of healthcare services, supplies, or equipment.