Here are studies, reports and stories that caught our eye in the last month.
Workers’ comp safety net: Panelists and audience members at the recent Workers’ Compensation Research Institute conference say the workers’ compensation industry must play a role in a broader safety net as “job security, employer-funded pensions and health insurance is weakened,” according to an article in the Insurance Journal. Participants also want professionals and policymakers to clearly define what responsibilities they have for those falling outside the workers’ compensation system, including aging workers with chronic illnesses, undocumented immigrant laborers and those working in the gig economy, the article says.
Blood pressure and dementia: Middle-aged people who have a sudden drop in their blood pressure could be at risk of developing dementia and other cognitive decline when they get older, according to new research from Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health. An article in Medical News Today about the research says that “temporary, rapid drops” in blood pressure may cause “serious damage” because they “stop the necessary blood flow from reaching the brain.”
Impact of arthritis on healthcare costs: New research from the Medical University of South Carolina offers the “first time the relationship between arthritis or joint pain limitations and medical expenses has been examined in a large U.S. cohort,” according to an article in MedPage Today. Researchers found, according to the article, that “activity limitations may explain the difference in medical expenditures between patients with arthritis or joint pain and those who don’t.”
Curbing drug use at the ER: A simple conversation about cutting back on drug use during an emergency room visit could be the “basis for a long-lasting drop in a person’s use of illegal drugs or misuse of prescription medicines,” according to new research from the University of Michigan. According to a press release, the “findings, from a carefully designed randomized controlled trial involving 780 people at a Flint, Mich., ER who indicated recent drug use on a health survey, suggest that ER visits might serve as effective ‘teachable moments’ for drug use.”
Palliative care boosts quality of life: Patients who received palliative care during a bone marrow transplant report better quality of life, according research at Massachusetts General Hospital, but more study is required to determine the long-term outcomes and costs, reports the National Institutes of Health.